Project Summaries 2010
Eldon Square Redevelopment, Archaeological Evaluation and Mitigation Works, January 2010 (for CSC Eldon Square Ltd.) This document reports on the archaeological evaluation and mitigation phases of archaeological work carried out during the redevelopment of the Eldon Square Retail Complex in 2007-9. A series of 13 archaeological evaluation trenches were excavated between late July and late November 2007. The first phase of work was informed by previous phases of documentary work carried out in 2003-2004.
The main conclusions of the work carried at Eldon Square between July and November 2007 led to a recommendation for a further phase of mitigation work to monitor the continuing development work. Few additional remains of significance were recorded during this phase.
39 Roman Way, Corbridge, Archaeological Watching Brief, February 2010 (for Mr and Mrs Norton) An archaeological watching brief was carried out in January 2010 on a plot of land to the rear of 39 Roman Way Corbridge, close to the recorded position of a medieval church site and Roman burials associated with the nearby fort. The excavation of foundation trenches for a new extension revealed disturbed topsoil containing modern services but no finds or features demonstrating the survival of archaeologically significant remains.
Former Showroom Site, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Assessment, February 2010 (for Mr Ahmed) An assessment was undertaken as part of a planning application for the proposed redevelopment of a Former Showroom Site on Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne.
The potential for archaeological remains on the site is reasonably high, since it is likely that the course of Hadrian’s Wall runs across of directly adjacent to the site. Furthermore, since the proposed development site does not appear to have been subject to intensive land use, the potential for survival of traces of this monument also appears reasonably high.
Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Watching Brief, March 2010 (For CE Electric) Between October 2009 and January 2010, the Archaeological Practice was instructed to carry out an archaeological watching brief on and immediately adjacent to Westgate Road Newcastle upon Tyne (NZ 221647-NZ 223646). The work was requested in order to mitigate the potential impact of cable installation works by CE Electric upon surviving archaeological remains in particular Hadrian’s Wall. No archaeological remains were observed.
Toffee Factory, Lower Steenberg’s Yard, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Assessment and Building Recording, March 2010 (for Xsite Architecture) A desk based cultural heritage assessment for the proposed re-development of the Maynard’s Toffee Factory site in the Ouseburn valley, Newcastle upon Tyne.
Analysis of the available information for the historical development of the site has identified no specific constraints on development as a result of known activity there from the prehistoric through to post-medieval periods, although some level of activity throughout that long time period can be assumed. The site important from a cultural heritage perspective principally because of its known history as an industrial centre from at least the 18th century to the mid-20th century.
It is considered that the buildings currently present on the site form an important assemblage of late industrial structures and features, but there is no reason to suggest that any of the standing buildings on the site or their remains underground are of more than local and regional significance, although the grouping of several classes of structure - including river walls, bridges, factories and a railway tunnel – enhances the significance of the site as a whole.
Parham Beck, Carlisle FAS, Archaeological Watching Brief, March 2010 (for Environment Agency) This report covers an archaeological watching brief undertaken during September and October 2009 to monitor the groundworks associated with the construction of a flood defence bund across the line of Hadrian’s Wall in Willow Holme Industrial Estate, NW of Carlisle centre.
It involved the removal of three stretches of flood defence embankment, extending westwards along the River Eden from Etterby around the south side of Stainton, and also required theremoval of a section of disused railway embankment immediately to the north of the associated Grade II listed Waverley Viaduct, south-east of Stainton.
Neptune Yard, Low Walker, Phase 2a, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Assessment, April 2010 (for Shepherd Offshore Ltd.) This report constitutes a desk based cultural heritage assessment for the proposed redemation of land at the former Neptune Yard, Walker, Newcastle upon Tyne.
The extent of later 19th and 20th century phases of construction and demolition on the site, including the creation of slipways and, subsequently, associated crane piers is likely to have had a negative impact on the survival of any earlier – post-medieval or earlier - archaeological remains. However, it is possible that some pockets of earlier remains remained relatively undisturbed due to the lack of deep foundations. Ballast dumping across the site may have protected earlier remains, but equally may contain flints, pottery and other material that could be mis-interpreted as of local origin. The occurrence of ballast also makes it difficult to locate the position of the original foreshore.
Church of St Lawrence, Warkworth, Archaeological Excavation and Historic Buildings Record, Spring 2010 (for St. Lawrence’s PCC) A programme of archaeological investigation and recording was carried out at St Lawrence Church, Warkworth, prior to and during groundworks and structural works undertaken to provide structural support to the leaning, Romanesque north wall of the church, which is an unusually complete Norman survival of considerable architectural and historical importance. The archaeological investigation reported here was carried out in five main phases beginning in July 2008 and ending in March 2010.
Foundry Lane, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Evaluation, May 2010 (for Brackenshaw Ltd.) This document reports on archaeological evaluation trenching conducted in March 2010 in Kelly’s Yard, within the Ouseburn Valley, Newcastle upon Tyne. Kelly’s Yard lies close to the suspected line of Hadrian’s Wall Archaeological assessments covering Kelly’s yard and the adjoining former Stephen Easten’s Yard have found that although the precise route taken by Hadrian’s Wall across the Ouseburn Valley remains to be established, the curtain wall and ditch are most likely to have run through the former Stephen Easten’s Yard, just north of Kelly’s Yard.
One trench, rectangular in plan and aligned parallel to the yard frontage was excavated. The trench revealed evidence of considerable disturbance as a result of modern industrial activity. No evidence for the preservation of any Roman features associated with Hadrian’s Wall was revealed. It is recommended that the construction groundworks associated with any development proposed for the area of Kelly’s Yard should be monitored by means of an archaeological watching brief, in particular, to ensure any remains of 19th-century industrial activity are recorded, for example the pottery building which may lie in the area to the north of the evaluation trench.
St Mary’s, Lindisfarne, Archaeological Evaluation and Watching Brief, May 2010 (for St Mary’s PCC) This document reports on a process of an archaeological evaluation and watching brief conducted during September 2009 at St. Mary’s Parish Church, Holy Island, Northumberland (NGR: NZ 1257 4177). The church is a Grade I listed structure, dating to the 12th and 13th centuries with 18th- and 19th-century additions and alterations, and appears to incorporate structural elements belonging to an earlier medieval church.
It is recommended that the possible existence of a medieval building on the west side of the churchyard should be noted if any future intervention is required in that area, so that any remains may be fully recorded and the question of the structure’s existence and form definitively resolved.
Steel Rigg, Hadrian’s Wall, Archaeological Topographical Survey, May 2010 (for NNPA) This document provides a report on archaeological topographical survey work carried out on the north side of Hadrian’s Wall at Steel Rigg, Northumberland. The topographical survey reported here was requested by the Northumberland National Park Archaeologist in order to provide information pertinent to the management of the site.
Melkridge Farm, Northumberland, Historic Buildings Record, May 2010 (for Mr Cummins) A photographic record was carried out in relation to farmbuildings at Melkridge Farm, Melkridge Northumberland in April 2010. The work was undertaken as a mitigation exercise in advance of the proposed redevelopment of part of the farmbuildings complex.
Ormesby Beck, Middlesbrough, Archaeological Watching Brief, May 2010 (for The Environment Agency) In March 2010, the Archaeological Practice was instructed to carry out an archaeological watching brief alongside a section of Ormesby Beck, south of Middlesbrough town centre (NZ 509184). The work was requested by the County Archaeologist in order to mitigate the potential impact of site investigation works carried out as part of flood prevention measures, upon surviving archaeological remains.
Rose Cottage, Crawcrook, Archaeological Watching Brief, June 2010 (for Mrs Cooper) An archaeological watching brief was carried out during April and May, 2010 on a plot of land adjacent to Rose Cottage, Bank Top, Crawcrook, Gateshead, within the presumed extent of the medieval village of Crawcrook.
7 Trinity Terrace, Corbridge, Archaeological Watching Brief, June 2010
The site is located on the recorded position of a medieval church and further records indicate that burials associated with the cemetery of the nearby Roman fort also extend into this area which lies on the north-western periphery of the medieval and modern village centre. No archaeological remains or features were observed.
Frankham Farm, Fourstones, Northumberland, Historic Building Recording, July 2010 (for Butler Haig Associates) A photographic and measured survey record was carried out in relation to farmbuildings at Frankham Farm, Fourstones, Northumberland in July 2010. The work was undertaken as a mitigation exercise in advance of the proposed redevelopment of part of the farmbuildings complex.
Harton Staithes, South Shields, Archaeological Watching Brief, July 2010 (for Miller Construction Ltd.) An archaeological watching brief was carried out during July 2010 on a site at Harton Staithes, to the south-west of South Shields town centre, Tyne and Wear. The watching brief was requested due to the position of the site on the likely area of a Roman port and within the presumed medieval town of South Shields.
St. Andrew’s Church, Hartburn, Northumberland.
Joicey Road School, Air Raid Shelter, Gateshead, August 2010 (for Brims Construction Ltd.) A photographic record and associated background research was carried out in relation to the Air Raid Shelter at Joicey Road Open Air School, Low Fell Gateshead. This was undertaken in August 2010 to further inform the planning process with regard to the future use of the site.
The Heaney Building, Ouseburn, Newcastle upon Tyne, August 2010 (for 1NG)
Eastbanks Bothy, Gallowshieldrigg, Northumberland, Archaeological Watching Brief, August 2010 (for Mr. Mitchell) An archaeological watching brief was carried out in August, as part of attempts to mitigate the impact of excavations required to convert and extend an existing agricultural building to form self-catering visitor accommodation, including construction of associated access and infrastructure.
Land adjacent to Mizen Head Hotel, Bamburgh, Northumberland, Archaeological Watching Brief, August 2010 (for Country Homes and Estates)
Kenton Hall, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Watching Brief, August 2010 (for Solehawk Ltd.) This report details the methods and results of a programme of archaeological monitoring during groundworks at Kenton Hall, Newcastle upon Tyne, in advance of the construction of a three storey care home. Previously a programme of historic buildings recording at Kenton Hall, in July 2009 arose suspicions that an earlier phase of building survived behind the 19th century façade of the main block, facing onto Kenton Lane..
A total of five trenches were excavated to investigate the sites of buildings, including a corn mill and brickworks. The excavations revealed no remains of structures, features, deposits or artefacts predating the later 17th century, and although some of the remains exposed and recorded are of local interest, none are regarded as of high archaeological significance.