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Project Summaries 2008

The Old Vicarage, Ovingham, Building Recording and Watching Brief, November 2008 (For Mr Atkinson)
The Old Vicarage is a listed building and Scheduled Ancient Monument, subsequently, a recording program and watching brief work were carried out during the construction of a sun room outside the west gable end of the building and during the construction of an access door from the kitchen. In addition it was specified that work carried out to provide access to the attic and during the demolition of a stud wall on the first floor should also be recorded.

The excavation in the position of the new sun room revealed an east-west feature on the west side made of irregular slabs, perhaps the footings of a removed wall, or a paved pathway. In the south-eastern angle of the trench was an area of consolidated stonework with a clear face standing two courses high on the west.
The act of creating a doorway in the west wall by removing a 19th century fireplace was not observed and no features of interest were reported.
A section of the timber floor of the attic was removed in order to provide an access point, and the surviving floor, comprising wide oak planks perhaps of 17th century or earlier origin, nailed to the beams, was subsequently planned and photographed.
Additional observations were made during the course of a general watching brief.

South Tyneside College, Westoe, November 2008
(For Ryder Architecture)
An assessment was undertaken ahead of the redevelopment of the Westoe campus of South Tyneside College, South Shields.
The proposed development area includes land that formed part of medieval and later back-plots of the south side of Westoe village. It also included land originally part of the common fields of the village.

It was recommended that archaeological evaluation trenching should be carried out within the playing fields area should any invasive development be proposed there at any stage. With regard to the current proposals, the only area likely to be impacted is the north-west corner of the playing fields area.
Similarly, although no invasive works are currently planned within the areas of proposed car parking in the north part of the site - closest to the medieval village and manor of Westoe – it is recommended that archaeological evaluation trenching should be carried out should plans be modified to include invasive works.

St. Lawrence’s Church, Warkworth, Buttress Evaluation November 2008 (For Warkworth PCC)
Archaeological evaluation trenching was conducted to inform a proposal for the stabilisation of the north wall of St Lawrence’s Church, Warkworth.
The investigation of the site revealed a variety of remains the most significant of which were substantial stone building remains close to the north wall of the church at c.0.5 metres depth, and intact human burials at depths below 0.25 metres.
On the basis of the evidence presented, it is considered highly likely that substantial footings are of a Pre-Conquest church, parts of which have also been recorded inside the present 12th-century structure. Whether the wall revealed by the recent trenching returns to the south in line with the east wall of the structure recorded inside the building in 1860 is unknown, as is its precise date, which could be anywhere between the 8th and 11th centuries.
The nature of remains found upon the site is sufficient to support a recommendation for mitigation by avoidance in the case of the substantial buildings footings.

Caldew and Carlisle City FAS, Robert Ferguson School, Watching Brief, October 2008 (For Environment Agency)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken during June and July 2008 to monitor the construction of an earthen flood defence embankment along the left (west) bank of the Caldew, in Carlisle between the Denton Street and South Vale footbridges, on land adjacent to Robert Ferguson School. 
No significant archaeological remains were revealed in the course of the groundworks for the embankment. No remains associated with the original (pre-1771) Corporation Dam Weir, shown on 18th and 19th century mapping, were encountered or impacted upon by the current works.


Walwick Hall, Northumberland, Evaluation October 2008
(For Mr Wylie)
Walwick Hall lies on the course of Hadrian’s Wall and associated features, including the Wall Ditch and the Military Way.
The evaluation involved the excavation of four trenches where the proposed developments could impact on Roman remains.  The evaluation was carried out over late July and early August.  In three of the trenches excavated no significant remains were revealed.  In one trench, however, in the area of the existing septic tank which is to be replaced, the Military Way was uncovered beneath shallow topsoil and slightly to the north of its projected course.
Recommendations for archaeological mitigation of the development works are set out in a final section of this report and include watching briefs to monitor the cutting of the new vehicular access ramp in the vicinity of the Military Way and a watching brief during the insertion of a new septic tank in a location avoiding the Military Way.

 

 

Halton Lea Farm, Northumberland, Archaeological Assessment, September 2008 (For BHP Develop)
An assessment was undertaken as part of a planning application for a proposed open cast mining scheme. The report concludes that the site may have been settled by the later prehistoric period. Coal mining and farming have been practised on the site in the interveening centuries. A two stage approach to further work was made- 1- that a recording be made of visible standing structures and earthworks and 2- archaeological evaluation of selected features.

 

Grandy’s Knowe, Northumberland, Archaeological Evaluation and Building Record, August 2008 (For Conrad Dickinson)
An historic buildings record and archaeological evaluation was undertaken to inform a proposal for the redevelopment of a ruinous former bastle and farmbuilding at Grandy's Knowe. A single trench was excavated revealing waste deposits from the 19th and 20th centuries. It was noted that little of the original structure survives. A mitigation by watching brief was recommended for further works carried out on the Scheduled Ancient Monument.

 

 

Coats’ Yard, Wardley, Archaeological Evaluation, August 2008
(For J W Coats)
Three evaluation trenches were excavated on the basis of previous documentary work. No significant structural remains were detected. The trenches contained colliery waste deposits. Mitigation by watching brief outside the scheduled areas was recommended.

 

 

Coats’ Yard, Wardley, Archaeological Assessment, July 2008
(For J W Coats)
An assessment was carried out at Coats scrapyard, partially on the site of a medieval manor house ahead of development. The report concluded that evalaution trenching be conducted in order to assess the nature of any archaeological remains.

 

 


Holme Lea, Bowes, Archaeological Evaluation, July 2008

(For Mr Close)
Evaluation trenching was carried out to inform a proposal for the development of a farm yard to the rear of Holme Lea Farm. The investigation revealed a variety of remains including structures and deposits between 0.35-1.3m below the surface. These included a clay-bonded stone wall and possible Roman flooring. A post-medieval structure was located in trench 2. Mitigation by avoidance or recording was recommended.

 

 

St. Mary’s Hospital, Stannington, Northumberland, Historic Building Record, July 2008 (For Bellway Homes Ltd)
A photographic record and background research was carried out at St. Mary's Hospital Stannington as a mitigation exercise in advance of partial demolition. All extant buildings were recorded with none meriting preservation.

 

 

St. Lawrence’s Churchyard, Warkworth, Archaeological Evaluation, July 2008 (For PCC Warkworth)
Evaluation trenching was carried out to inform a proposal for the stabilisation of the north wall of St. Lawrence's Church, Warkworth. A variety of remains were revealed including intact burials at 0.75m. More burials may be present below these depths. A recommendation was made for mitigation by avoidance using narrow piles and pile caps above the level of burial. Mitigation by record may be neccessary in some areas.


Cooper’s Studio, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Evaluation, June 2008 (for AA Projects Ltd)
Evaluation trenching was carried out to inform a proposal for the provision of a lift shaft in Cooper's Yard. A single trench was excavated, revealing a variety of remains including a clay-bonded wall and deep deposits of clay containing medieval pottery. A watching brief or full recording (depending on size of works) was recommended for future groundworks.

 

Scotswood Expo, Newcastle upon Tyne, June 2008, Archaeological Evaluation & Photographic Recording
(For Fugro Engineering Services Ltd)
Evaluation trenching was carried out to inform a proposal for the development of a large area of land in Scotswood, Newcastle upon Tyne. The site was located within an area to be of some archaeological potential. The investigation revealed a variety of remains including structures and waste deposits between 0.8-1.3m below the present ground surface. A recommendation for mitigation by watching brief for any further works was made. A photographic recording of railway structures in the south-west area of the site was also undertaken.

 

 

 


Milbourne Hall, Northumberland, Historic Building Recording, May 2008 (for CSN Consulting Ltd)
A photographic record and background research carried out on the south-west quadrant of the service ranges of Milbourne Hall in advance of redevelopment. The Hall dates to 1807 and is a Grade I listed building. No further recording work was recommended.

 



Burradon Primary School, Burradon, North Tyneside, Historic Building Recording, May 2008
(for North Tyneside Council)
A photographic record and background research carried out on Burradon Primary School in advance of demolition. It was agreed that the school is of some architectural merit and historic interest in the context of its historic setting. No recommendations for additional recording work were made although it was suggested that the 1904 plaque be incorporated in the new build school.

 

Pleasington Cemetery Phase 1 , Blackburn, Archaeological Assessment, May 2008 (for Blackburn and Darwen Borough Council)
An archaeological assessment was undertaken for the proposed extension of Pleasington Cemetery near Blackburn. It concluded that while there was the potentical for archaeological remains to survive on the site, there was no evidence to support that assumption. No further work was recommended.

 

 

The Crooks, Gilsland, Archaeological Watching Brief, April 2008
(for NEDL)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken at The Crooks, Gilsland in order to monitor the renewal of 40 year old electricity poles by NEDL. The poles lie on or close to the projected course of Hadrian's Wall within the World Heritage Site. No archaeological remains were observed. The scheme is now finished and therefore no further work is required.

 

Longstone House, North Sunderland, Northumberland – Archaeological Evaluation Excavation, April 2008
(for Mr & Mrs B Leadbitter).
Evaluation trenching was carried out to inform a proposal for the construction of dwellings to the rear of Longstone House due to the possibility of medieval and earlier structures or features surviving on the site. The investifation revealed medieval walls at depths between 0.8-1.5m below the ground surface typical of those expected in a medieval back-plot. No earlier remains were identified. A mitigation by watching brief was recommened when groundworks commence.

 


 

Hannover Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Watching Brief, April 2008 (for NEDL)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken in order to monitor groundworks associated with service installations. No significant observations were made with regard to cultural heritage remains. No further archaeological work was recommended in connection with the scheme.

 

 


Wellbar House, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Watching Brief, April 2008 (for Moonglade Holdings)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken during phase 1 and 2 groundworks during the construction of a new retail and office block on the site of the former Wellbar House, Gallowgate. No significant archaeological depoists or features were observed and accordingly no further archaeological work was recommended.

 

Denton Street Footbridge and Corporation Dam Intake, Carlisle FAS April 2008 (for Environment Agency)
A photographic record and background research was carried out in relation to the Denton Street Footbridge and the adjacent Corporation Dam Intake as part of the Caldew and Carlisle City Flood Alleviation Scheme. It was recommended that some masonry and inscribed datestone should be included in the construction of the replacement footbridge. No further work is neccessary with regard to these structures.

 

Forth Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Watching Brief, April 2008 (for NEDL)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken at the Forth Street railway arches during the excavation of trenches for new electricity cables. No archaeological features or finds were observed during the watching brief. No further archaeological work was recommended for this scheme.

 

 


River Pont Flood Defence, Bellingham, Archaeological Watching Brief, March 2008
(for Environment Agency)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken along the River Pont, Bellingham during investigative works on the modern flood bank by the Environment Agency.. No significant archaeological features or finds were observed during the watching brief. No further archaeological work was recommended for this scheme.

 


River Pont Flood Defence, Ponteland, Archaeological Watching Brief, March 2008 (for Environment Agency)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken along the River Pont, Ponteland during investigative works on the modern flood bank by the Environment Agency.. No archaeological features or finds were observed during the watching brief. No further archaeological work was recommended for this scheme.

 

 

Ovenstone, Grasslees, Northumberland – Archaeological Excavation, March 2008 (for NNPA/UCCAP)
An archaeological excavation was carried out at Ovenstone, Northumberland in June and July 2007. The excavations were undertaken after documentary work provided contectual information regarding the historical develoment of the 19th century mining settlement. The excavations included the exploration of a cottage block which revealed several phases of use and construction dating to the later 18th century.

 

Byker Resource Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne, Archaeological Watching Brief, March 2008 (for Robertson Construction)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken ahead of the construction of a new Customer Service Centre on the north side of Shields Road, Byker along the line of Hadrians Wall. No archaeological remains of siginificance were observed during the piling works on the site. No further work was recommendation with regards to this scheme.

 


New Delaval First School, Blyth, Archaeological Assessment, February 2008
(for Fairhurst & Partners)
A desk based assessment was carried out on an area of land occupied by New Delaval First School, Blyth in advance of the demolition and rebuilding of the school as part of a county wide First School to Primary School scheme. The develoment site was farmland until the late 19th century when a school and chapel was erected. It was recommended that the 19th century structures should be recorded prior to demolition. No recommendations were made for invasive investigation on site.



Malvin’s Close First School, Blyth, Archaeological Assessment, February 2008 (for Fairhurst & Partners)
A desk based assessment was carried out on an area of land occupied by Malvin's Close First School, Blyth in advance of the demolition and rebuilding of the school as part of a county wide First School to Primary School scheme. The develoment site was undeveloped until the 1960s when the school was built. It was recommended that evaluation may be merited on a small proportion of the site.

Newsham First School, Blyth, Archaeological Assessment, February 2008 (for Fairhurst & Partners)
A desk based assessment was carried out on an area of land occupied by Newsham First School, Blyth in advance of the demolition and rebuilding of the school as part of a county wide First School to Primary School scheme. The develoment site was farmland until the late 19th century when a small school was erected on the site. It was recommended that the original 19th century school buildings should be recorded if they were to be demolished. It was also noted that evaluation should be considered on a small area of land within the school grounds ahead of development.


Ingleboro, St. Helens Lane, Corbridge, Archaeological Watching Brief, February 2008
(for Miles Middleton)
An archaeological watching brief was undertaken at Land Ingleboro, St. Helen's Lane, Corbridge during groundworks associated with the construction of a new development. No archaeological features were noted during the watching brief and no further recommendations were made regarding this scheme.

 


Benwell Pumping Station, Newcastle upon Tyne – Archaeological Assessment and Historic Buildings Record, February 2008
(For MWH UK Ltd.)
A desk based assessment was undertaken in conjunction with a photographic record of the Benwell Pumping Station. Due to the destructive nature of the construction of the waterworks no further archaeological work was recommended with regard to this scheme.

 

Scon’s Park Proposed Opencast Scheme, Archaeological evaluation, February 2008 (for Hall Construction Services, Ltd.)

South Farm, Throckley, Newcastle upon Tyne Historic Buildings Record, January 2008 (for Smiths Gore)
A photographic record and associated background research was carried out in relation to South Farm, Throckley in advace of the future redevelopment of the buildings. The surviving buildings feature several points of interest including the conversion the gin-gang to house a steam engine. It was recommened that as much as possible fo the original stone built fabric should be retained as part of the redevelopment.


Eldon Square Improvements Programme, Newcastle upon Tyne Scheme 1, Archaeological Watching Brief, January 2008

(for CSC ELdon Square Ltd).
The results desk-based assessments in 2004 and 2005 suggeseted that few remains would survive within the Scheme 1 development area of Eldon Square. Due to the proximity of Percy Street, a medeival road, a watching brief was undertaken. A stone wall of dressed sandstone was revealed 1.08m below the ground surface, this was left intact when the trench was backfilled. No archaeological remains of significance were destroyed during the groundworks.

 

 

Ovingham


 

 

 

Westoe campus

 


Warkworth


Carlisle

Walwick

Halton Lea

Grandy's Knowe

Trench 2, Wardley

1951 plan

Bowes

St. Mary's

Warkworth

Cooper's Studio Evaluation

Scotswood

Milbourne Hall

Burradon datestone

Pleasington aerial photo

View across Vallum, The Crooks

Longstone House trench

Hannover St Trench

Wellbar House foundations

Drawing of dam intake

Forth St

Bellingham Flood Bank

Ponteland Flood Bank

Ovenstone

Byker

2nd Ed OS plan

Malvins Close School

19th century Isabella infants

St. Helens Lane

Benwell water works

1st ed OS plan

Eldon Square

 

 

 

The Archaeological Practice